Global electric bus market is segmented into technology, charging technology, product type and geography.Governments of various countries are now emphasizing on no or low-pollution transportation systems to address rising pollution which in turn drives the electric bus industry. Based on drive system, electric buses are categorized as pure electric, hybrid electric and plug-in hybrid.
Most of the electric buses running worldwide are hybrid electric due to their low cost as compared to its other electric counterparts. However, developed countries are focusing on increasing the number of pure electric buses in their fleets. Pure electric buses require battery for their operation, while hybrid electric buses use conventional fuel, along with an electric propulsion system. Hybrid electric buses accumulate energy, when the bus decelerates.
The power stored in batteries of hybrid electric buses is used for forceful tasks such as accelerating from standstill. Once the vehicle is in motion, the combustion engine later runs the vehicle’s movement. The kinetic energy of the moving vehicle is used for recharging battery in hybrid vehicles. The hybrid buses holds the majority share in the electric bus industry; however, the demand of pure electric buses is increasing rapidly, especially in the western countries owing to growing government concerns for emission-free transportation.
One of the primary drivers for the electric bus industry is the growing need to reduce dependency on fossil fuels. Even though electric buses require a high initial investment compared to those with compressed natural gas (CNG), diesel or hybrid engines, they offer greater benefits in the long run.
Charging a battery costs much less than buying diesel to run a vehicle. Electric buses are not only more reliable than convention vehicles but also offer a smooth and comfortable ride. These buses have zero emissions and are more environmentally friendly compared to conventional buses. The ability of these buses to reduce emissions and dependency on fossil fuels will lead to its increased adoption during the forecasted period.
On the basis of technology, the electric bus market is segmented into series parallel hybrid bus, series hybrid bus, parallel hybrid bus, pure electric bus and so on.On the basis of charging technology, the electric bus market is segmented into autonomous and non-autonomous.
The “autonomous” segment forms the largest segment of the electric bus market and is expected to grow during the forecast period. This category will grow rapidly during the predicted period and will be the most preferred type of charging technology among consumers and manufacturers for the next few years.
The development of high mass batteries is also a critical factor that will bolster growth in the electric bus industry as it can store more power and will help to increase the distance covered by a bus.On the basis of product type, the electric bus market is segmented into hybrid electric, purely electric and plug-in electric buses.On the basis of geography, the electric bus market is segmented into North America, Asia Pacific, Europe, Latin America and Middle East & Africa.
The Asia Pacific region dominated the electric bus industry in 2015 with a market share and will remain so for the foreseeable future. In this region, countries like Japan and China are aggressively promoting the development and adoption of electric vehicles. China is the biggest market for electric buses, and the government is actively promoting the replacement of conventional buses with electric ones. China is also developing the required infrastructure to support the use of electric buses.
The key players of electric bus industryare Zhengzhou Yutong Group Co. Ltd., AB Volvo, Shenzhen Wuzhoulong Motors Co. Ltd., FAW Group Corporation, King Long United Automotive Industry Co. Ltd., Daimler AG, Alexander Dennis Limited, EBUSCO, Ashok Leyland Ltd., Solaris Bus & Coach S.A., BYD Company Limited, Zonda Electric Bus, and Proterra Inc.
The major manufacturers covered in this report
• King Long
• Zhong Tong
• Nanjing Gold Dragon
• New Flyer
Geographically, this report studies the top producers and consumers, focuses on product capacity, production, value, consumption, market share and growth opportunity in these key regions, covering
• North America
• South Korea
• Other Regions
Research Support Specialist, USA